Puente & Lindskog Family History and Ancestry

 



Nicholas Gentry, II[1, 2]
Male Abt 1697 - 1779


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  • Suffix  II 
    Birth  Abt 1697  New Kent, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Christened  Y  [3
    Gender  Male 
    Died  1779  Albemarle, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID  I373  Main
    Last Modified  18 Aug 2013 

    Father  Nicholas Gentry,   b. Abt 1655, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 1709 and 1712, Hanover, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Relationship  Natural 
    Family ID  F134  Group Sheet

    Family  Jane Brown,   b. Abt 1700, Hanover, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Living Gentry
    >2. Living Gentry
    >3. Living Gentry
     4. David Gentry,   b. Abt 1724, Hanover, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1813, Madison, Kentucky, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
     5. Robert Gentry,   b. Abt 1726, Hanover, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1811, Jefferson, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
    >6. Nicholas Gentry, Jr.,   b. Abt 1728, Hanover, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1803, Adair, Kentucky, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
     7. Elizabeth Gentry,   b. 14 Aug 1731,   d. 28 Jul 1820, Clark, Kentucky, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
     8. Benajah Gentry,   b. 1733, Hanover, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1830, Albemarle, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
     9. Moses Gentry,   b. Abt 1735, Hanover, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1808, Albemarle, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
     10. Nathan Gentry,   b. Abt 1745, Louisa, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1784, Louisa, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
     11. Martin Gentry,   b. 11 Sep 1747, Louisa, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1827, Madison, Kentucky, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
    Family ID  F133  Group Sheet

  • Notes 
    • Volume 1 Issue 9
      September, 2001
      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      SONS OF NICHOLAS GENTRY, IMMIGRANT
      Part 2. Nicholas-II Gentry
      by Willard Gentry

      Abstract
      All available information about Nicholas-II Gentry, the youngest of thesons of Nicholas Gentry, Immigrant is reviewed. Virtually all knowncontemporary references for Nicholas-II are summarized. A briefdescription of each of the children of Nicholas-II is also given alongwith representative references concerning them.

      Introduction
      The standard source reference for Nicholas-II Gentry, son of theimmigrant Nicholas Gentry, has been and still is the book, "The GentryFamily in America" (GFA), published by Richard Gentry in 1909(1). Withrespect to the descendants of Nicholas-II, this book is comprehensive butnot authoritative. As is the case with any genealogical compilation, oneneeds to be aware of the possibility of errors in fact and/orinterpretation

      With respect to the descendants of Joseph-II and Samuel-II Gentry, thebook is neither comprehensive nor authoritative. The coverage for thelatter two lines of descent is very spotty, and rarely linked togetherfor more than a couple generations. If one is a descendant of either ofthese two 2nd-generation Gentrys and is lucky enough to find his or herancestor in the "Other Gentrys" portion of the book, great caution shouldbe taken in accepting the details presented without outside confirmation.

      The following article will duplicate some of the information forNicholas-II and his immediate family, but GFA provides very little detailand very little documentation, and there are significant discrepancies inthe book. Accordingly, we will be presenting most of the known referencesto Nicholas and will provide a basic summary of the information knownabout Nicholas' children. While covering some of the same basic facts,further discussion and interpretation of these facts can by found inthree articles published in "Gentry Family Gazette and GenealogyExchange" by Denny Ellerman(2).

      Summary of Nicholas Gentry Genealogy (GFA #2, p.33)(3)
      - Born New Kent Co. (later Hanover Co.), Virginia, baptized 30 May1697, St. Peter's Church.
      - Married to Jane Brown(?).
      - Nicholas died 1779, Albemarle Co., Virginia.
      Children:
      (All born in the vicinity of Stone Horse Creek, Hanover Co., until 1736,thereafter in vicinity of Dirty Swamp, Hanover Co. (later Louisa Co.)).
      i David (GFA #4) born abt 1724, Hanover Co.; died 1813, Madison Co.,Kentucky; married probably (1?) abt.1752, Louisa Co. to _____ Bailey(?);married (2?) abt.1757, Louisa Co. to Mary Estes.
      ii Robert (GFA #6) born abt.1726, Hanover Co.; died 1811, JeffersonCo., Tennessee; married (1) abt. 1748 in Albemarle Co., to Judith Joyner;married (2) 13 Nov 1804, Jefferson Co., Tennessee, to Rachel West.
      iii Nicholas (GFA #5) born abt. 1728, Hanover Co.; died 1803, AdairCo., Kentucky; married (1) abt. 1752, Louisa Co. to Elizabeth Stringer;married (2) abt.1769, Louisa Co. to Sarah Dickens <4>.
      iv Elizabeth (GFA gives her birth as both 14 Aug and 14 Oct 1731),died 28 Jul 1820, Clark Co., Kentucky; married abt. 1751 to NathanielHaggard.
      v Benajah (GFA #7) born 1733, Hanover Co.; died abt.1830 (his willwas proved in January 1831), Albemarle Co.; married (1) to Elizabeth?Austin; married (2) to Ann Jones
      vi Moses (GFA #3) born abt. 1735, Hanover Co.; died 1808, AlbemarleCo., Virginia; married abt. 1758, Louisa Co. to Lucy Sims.
      vii Nathan (GFA #8) born abt.1745, Louisa Co.; died 1784, Louisa Co.;married Marianne Black.
      viii Martin (GFA #9) born 11 Sep 1747, Louisa Co.; died 1827, MadisonCo., Kentucky; married 23 Jan 1766, Louisa Co. to Mary Timberlake.
      (Order of birth unknown, perhaps in the interval between Moses andNathan)
      ix Mary married __?__ Henson.
      [GFA gives "Hinson", but "Henson" was a known neighboring family]
      x Daughter married to __?__ Timberlake. Their daughter Jane wasincluded in Nicholas-II's will.
      xi Daughter married to __?__ Jenkins. Their daughter Ann was includedin Nicholas-II's will.

      The order of children listed here varies from that given in GFA and manyother published family trees for Nicholas, and is solely theresponsibility of this writer. The reasoning for placement of each childis given below in the discussion of individual children. An assumptionhas been made here that the two grandchildren, Jane Timberlake and AnnJenkins, named in Nicholas' will, were children of unidentified daughtersof Nicholas who married husbands with those surnames. The furtherpresumption is that in each case, the daughter had pre-deceased Nicholas,although in either case a husband might still have been alive. Analternative, less likely, explanation is that Jane and Ann were daughtersof one or two of Nicholas' sons who then married husbands with thosesurnames. This would require that each of these two grandchildren were ofmarriageable age, say about 20, and consequently had been born by the endof the 1750's. The children of the older sons of Nicholas aresufficiently well known that one has great difficulty in arguing thepresence of two more children named Jane and Ann. Moreover the awardingof half-shares of Nicholas' estate argues for the fact that they were theheirs of deceased daughters.

      Nicholas in Hanover County
      The life of Nicholas-II Gentry can be divided into three phases. Thefirst half of his life (almost forty years) was spent in Hanover County,half of that time at his father's plantation along Totopotomoy Creek inthe eastern end of the county, and the other half at the far west endnear Stone Horse Creek (see issue 7 of this Journal for maps). The secondhalf of his life was spent in Louisa County in the neighborhood of acreek with the unprepossessing name of Dirty Swamp, not far to the westof his first home. Finally, the last couple years of his life, Nicholasmoved still farther west, to Albemarle County where he died in 1779.

      Nicholas-II is the only one of the sons of Nicholas, the Immigrant, to bedocumented by contemporary references. Nicholas' baptism, 30 May 1697, isrecorded in the Register of St. Peter's Parish in New Kent County,Virginia,, along with that of two of his sisters.(5). The firstsucceeding reference to him is found in the Vestry book of St. Paul'sParish, after St. Paul's was separated from St. Peter's Parish, and afterHanover County was separated from New Kent County, and is dated 1719(5a).Thereafter, references to him occur at intervals in the vestry recordsuntil 1735(5b-f), both in connection with "processioning" of land (seevol 1, issue #2 of this journal for a description of processioning), andin fulfilling various parish responsibilities such as the upkeep of localroads.

      While living in St. Paul's Parish, Nicholas appears to have left hisfather's home on Totopotomoy Creek at an early age and moved west with,or to join, his brother Samuel, settling in the vicinity of Stone HorseCreek (which later became the western boundary of the parish). We don'tknow if he was living with Samuel in 1716 when the first reference to thelatter appears in the records, but by 1719 he appears to have been livingon land separate from Samuel. This leads to an interesting situationconcerning Nicholas' marriage. One would presume that he was married (atTotopotomoy Creek) when he moved to a plantation of his own, yet theoldest of his children, David (see discussions below), was not born untilprobably about 1724. This leaves a gap of at least five years when thereis no record of any children for Nicholas. Did he marry and lose his wifeafter a number of years of childless marriage, then marry a second time(at Stone Horse Creek)? Were there one or two early children of hismarriage who died in childhood? This is a question that we will never beable to answer.

      By 1723, Samuel Gentry had obtained grants of land farther downstreamalong the South Anna River near Beech Creek, and thereafter he was listedin St. Paul's processioning records in a precinct separate from Nicholas,yet close enough that both were part of a road-clearing crew appointed toduty in 1735(5e). Nicholas continued to live in the vicinity of StoneHorse Creek until 1736, in an area bounded by that creek, the South AnnaRiver, and Beech Creek as outlined in a later description of hisprecinct(5g).

      St. Paul's Parish Records for Nicholas after 1736
      There is a question concerning Nicholas' movements after 1736 that cannotbe definitively answered. Nicholas was granted land on Dirty Swamp in1736, and all of the Louisa County records point to Nicholas living thereduring the years from 1736 to 1776. Moreover, in order to satisfy theterms of a land patent it was necessary to improve and cultivate the landHowever, the St. Paul's vestry records continued to carry his name as aland owner in Precinct 6 for the years from 1739 to 1769(6). Other landowners listed erroneously in that precinct included John Spradling whowas known to have died by 1733, and George Alves who moved to Dirty Swampand died there in 1732. It was not until 1771, when precincts wererenumbered, that a new list of land owners was recorded for that area(most of the owners remained the same as earlier). It was in that yearthat Nicholas' name was removed from the precinct list (along with JohnSpradling and George Alves) and George Gentry's name suddenlyappears(6g). During that entire time, the names of the landowners variedhardly at all, even though Nicholas surely had left, and one wonderswhether those responsible for the processioning were lazy in theirreporting and did not update the property list. Did Nicholas continue toown that land even though he did not occupy it? The sudden appearance ofGeorge Gentry in place of Nicholas, suggests this possibility, andsuggests further that George (and earlier, George's father) occupied thisland beginning from the time Nicholas left. [We know for certain thatGeorge was living in the vicinity as early as 1765, based on testimony ofhis son George Jr.] This question will receive further attention in alater article in this journal on the family of Joseph-II Gentry.

      Nicholas in Louisa County
      Nicholas received a grant of land on Dirty Swamp in 1736 farther to thewest in what later became Louisa County(7) where he lived until he soldthe last of his land in 1776 and 1778. Nicholas' name appears in avariety of Louisa County records after his move even though many LouisaCounty records are fragmentary and spotty. Trinity Parish, of which hewas not a part, vestry records have only a few brief references to any ofthe Gentrys. Marriage records do not exist before 1766 (except for thosefew recorded by the Rev. William Douglass), and the first Gentry in therecord was not until 1778. Court records, which began with the foundingof the county in 1743, reflect a variety of activities in which Nicholaswas involved in the day-to-day life of a Virginia plantation owner(8, 9).These include orders to assist in clearing and maintaining roads, servingon grand juries, assisting with the appraisal and inventory of estates ofdeceased neighbors, and in Nicholas' case at least one court case thatcame to trial. The court records also confirmed many of the deeds of salethat are listed in more detail in the Louisa County Deed books, wherebythe deed was acknowledged by the signer and/or one or more witnesses, andwas ordered to be recorded.

      Deed books have survived in relatively good condition from the earliestdays of 1742 and show only very modest activity on the part of Nicholas.In 1747, he joined with his brother Samuel in selling land along DirtySwamp that adjoined each other(10a). Then in 1757 and 1758, he gave100-acre portions of his land to his son David and his sonMoses(10b,10c). These were probably on the occasions of the marriage ofeach son.

      [Note. It is necessary to use discretion in many of the court and deedrecords if one wants to differentiate between Nicholas Sr. and NicholasJr., especially in the later years of Nicholas Sr.'s life. Context,geographical setting (i.e. vicinity of Dirty Swamp for Nicholas Sr., andvicinity of Gold Mine Creek for Nicholas Jr) and type of activity may behelpful. In the references quoted here, we have tried to identify andinclude all those for Nicholas Sr. and to omit those for Nicholas Jr.unless the latter are significant for some reason. In the same way, thereis difficulty on occasion in differentiating between David-III andDavid-IV (the son of Nicholas Jr). The same geography differences arehelpful there.]
      Lists of tithable individuals and taxable property exist only from 1768onwards and Nicholas and his family are found only in the lists throughthe year 1775. [British tithes or personal property taxes were assessedon all males 16 and above; on all negro, mulatto, and Indian women 16 andabove; and on land and wheel carriages. A separate county tax was alsoassessed on taxable individuals.] During the years from 1768 to 1776,Nicholas was included in the tax rolls, listing the taxable male membersof his household and slaves(11). Besides the tithables, the lists alsoshow Nicholas being taxed for 182 acres of land. By virtue of his age,Nicholas appears to have been relieved from the necessity of paying polltaxes for the years from 1773 onwards. From 1768 through 1770, NathanGentry was living with his father, then presumably left to establish hisown home. Martin continued to live with his father throughout this entireperiod, and in fact it is probable that Nicholas was living with Martinin Albemarle County at the time of his death.

      Nicholas in Albemarle County
      By 1776, Nicholas was close to eighty years old. Robert, Elizabeth andBenajah had moved to Albemarle County a number of years earlier, and nowsons David, Moses, and Martin decided to move also, taking their fatherwith them. In 1776, Nicholas sold most of his land along DirtySwamp(10d)), and in 1778 he joined David in selling the remainder ofNicholas' land and the adjoining plantation that Nicholas had given toDavid twenty-odd years earlier(10e). In 1777, son Moses sold his LouisaCounty land and in 1778 he bought land in Albemarle County(21). Thefamilies settled in the vicinity of Brown's Cove in Albemarle County,near a group of families (children of Benjamin Brown), who may have beenrelated to Nicholas' wife Jane. That left only Nicholas Jr, and Nathan,of the sons, still living in Louisa County. As to Nicholas' daughters,except for Elizabeth, we do not know what became of them. This directionof migration was characteristic of almost all of Nicholas' children,moving westward into Albemarle County, and then mostly moving furtherwest to Kentucky, and a few to Tennessee. This was in contrast toSamuel's family who moved south from Louisa County to Lunenburg County,and then southward again into North and South Carolina.

      Nicholas Sr. died soon after moving to Albemarle County. His will wasdated 20 Apr 1777, written at the time he was in the midst of moving. Itwas received for probate in April 1779 so the assumption is that he diedin early 1779. The text of his will is given in GFA, a brief summary isincluded here(12). The text of this will has generated controversy, firstvoiced by Richard Gentry in GFA, concerning whether the will indicatesthat Nicholas' children were the result of two separate wives.

      The Wife (Wives) of Nicholas Gentry
      Whether Nicholas had more than one wife, and the maiden name of Jane, hiswife at the time of his death, are both subjects of considerable debate.Unfortunately, unless some obscure reference turns up that has beenoverlooked during the close to one hundred years since GFA was published,we will never know. The argument with respect to the number of wivesrevolves around the wording in his will by which he "disinherited" fourof his children, Moses, David, Nicholas, and Mary. It has been suggestedthat this was because they were children of an earlier wife than Jane.One can also argue that the failure to bequeath equal amounts of hisestate to these four, may be because Nicholas-II had already given 100acres of land in Louisa Co. to Moses and David, and son Nicholas hadobtained 70 acres from his father-in-law Edward Stringer. In similarfashion, Mary may have received help earlier from her father about whichwe know nothing, or she may have been sufficiently well taken care of byher husband to not need a further bequest. The fact that David was chosenas one of the executors does not suggest ill will between Nicholas andthese four children. A more compelling argument against different wivesbeing the reason for this wording is that chronologically, Robert,Elizabeth, and Benajah were undoubtedly older in age than Moses or Maryyet they were given full shares of the estate. To this writer, any causefor the wording of the will is not because of the possibility of thechildren being borne by different wives but rather lies elsewhere.

      Controversy relating to wife Jane of Nicholas' later years has to do withher name. Various maiden names have been suggested: Brown, Benajah,Braxton, Martin, Austill and others about which we can only argue andguess since there is no way of proving the correct choice. The one veryfrequent suggestion that can be most emphatically refuted is thatNicholas married Mary Brooks, daughter of Richard Brooks. This has beendiscussed in previous articles, and it can be shown without question thatMary was the wife of Nicholas' nephew, known as Nicholas the Younger, sonof Samuel-II Gentry. The origins of the names Jane Martin and JaneAustill are a mystery. The name Jane Benajah has apparently beensuggested to account for giving the name Benajah to a son (and agrandson) of Nicholas. This suggestion is not attractive because thereappear to be no contemporary families by the name of Benajah living inHanover or Louisa County at the time. In addition one can much morelogically argue that this son of Nicholas was named for Benajah Brown, assuggested below, or at least was prompted by another source for whom bothBenajah Brown and Benajah Gentry were named. Similarly, Jane Braxtonapparently originates as a source for the name of Nicholas Jr's sonBlackston (sometimes spelled Braxton).

      The name Jane Brown has been more commonly accepted for a couple reasons.Denny Ellerman writes in one of his articles on Nicholas Gentry(2c):

      "The backward "B" by which Nicholas Gentry's wife Jane signs one of thedeeds suggests that her maiden name may have begun with a B. Assumingthis to be so, I have always considered Brown the leading candidate forthe following reason. When Nicholas and his wife moved to Brown's Cove inAlbemarle County, they settled among a whole group of Browns with whomthey had many and close dealings for the ten years or so that theyremained there. One of those Browns was named Benajah, from whenceperhaps the name of one of Nicholas and Jane's sons. As was typical of somany moves west, family connections tended to guide the path. In thiscase, Nicholas and Jane and sons David, [Moses] and Martin did not moveclose to where their sons, Robert and Benajah had settled earlier inAlbemarle County but in an area of the county where there were no otherGentrys at that time. I think it possible that it was her [Jane's] familythat determined the direction of that particular move."
      [Note. In early September of this year, a search of the Ancestry.ComWorldTree website for Nicholas Gentrys born in 1697 brought up 77separate families. The discouraging summary for spouses of Nicholasshowed:
      Blank = 14; Mary Brooks = 49; Jane Aubert = 1; Jane Benajah = 6; JaneBrown = 4; Jane Martin = 4; Jane with Brown/Benajah/Braxton/Austill invarious combinations = 8; Sarah Dickens = 1. (Totals add up to more than77 because of multiple spouses).]

      The Children of Nicholas - David Gentry
      Several factors argue for David being the oldest of the children ofNicholas, but they leave troubling questions about the date of David'smarriage to Mary Estes. These arguments are:

      If David was about 88 years old when he died in Madison County, Kentuckyas quoted by GFA, then a birth date of about 1724 follows, which predatesestimates of the date of birth of Robert as discussed below.

      In the tax lists for Trinity Parish, Louisa County, for the years 1769 to1772, there is a Bailey Gentry present in David's household who wasliable for a poll tax (thus sixteen or more years old). Bailey is missingfrom the 1768 list. From this we can argue, assuming that Bailey wasliving with David in 1768, he was born in 1753 and reached age sixteen in1769. This Bailey is missing from the Trinity Parish list for 1773 and1774 but appears in both years in St. Martins Parish (in Hanover County).Thereafter he disappears and is found no more and is assumed to havedied.

      By far the most logical explanation of the Bailey references is that hewas a son of David (his oldest), and since he was born about 1753, Davidmust have married about 1752. A birth date for David of 1724 would placehim at age 28 in 1752, a not unreasonable age for marriage.
      If as suggested, David was the first-born, in the case of bothNicholas-II and his brother Samuel-II this oldest son was named David.This fact lends some support to an interesting speculation based oncontemporary patterns of naming children. The writer is of the opinionthat there is a strong probability that the wife of Nicholas-I wasElizabeth(?) Crawford, daughter of David Crawford Sr. of St. Peter'sParish and St. Paul's Parish (rather than the frequently quoted LucyCornelius for which there seems to be absolutely no foundation). Nicholasmay have named his oldest son, David, for his maternal grandfather, andhis next son, Robert, for his wife's father.

      This early date for a marriage and birth of a son for David raise thequestion as to whether this was a first marriage, and that after thedeath of this wife, David married Mary Estes as a second wife. The namingof a son, "Bailey", suggests the possibility that this hypothetical firstwife of David was a Bailey. Supporting this suggestion is the existenceof a family by this name as shown by the fact that a John Bailey (orBayley) served with Nicholas Sr on a panel appointed to appraise theestate of, coincidentally, a Mary Estes (perhaps David'smother-in-law)(9c).

      The date for David's marriage to Mary Estes was probably about 1757 whenDavid's father gave him 100 acres of land that was a part of the familyplantation on Dirty Swamp in Louisa County(10c). In support of this, isthe fact that the surviving children of David were born in years muchmore appropriate to a 1757 marriage. David Jr. for example, is identifiedwith a birthdate of 1761, while son Richard was born in 1763.

      David spent the early and mid-years of his life in Louisa County. Hejoined with his father in selling their adjoining land in 1778preparatory to leaving Louisa County(10e). David bought 500 acres inAlbemarle County the same year, then sold part of this land to hisbrother Martin(14a,14b), with whom their father Nicholas undoubtedlylived for the brief remainder of his life. David left Albemarle County in1787(14c,14d), moving to Madison County, Kentucky, where he appears inthe 1800 tax list for that county. His will is on file in Madison County,where he died in 1813. His family, which included sons David and Richard,and daughters Winifred (Winnie) and Onie all accompanied him to Kentucky.David's son Richard was the direct ancestor of the "General" RichardGentry who died in the Florida Seminole Indian Wars, and of the RichardGentry who compiled GFA. Not surprisingly, these families are describedin great detail in the book.

      It should be noted that GFA's description of David confuses thisDavid-III with his first cousin, the David-III who was a son of Samuel.Comments on a first marriage (to a wife whom GFA did not identify butwhom other family listings frequently give as Sarah Brooks), and thelisting of a son, William Gentry, by this first wife all arise from thefailure of Richard Gentry and other family historians to realize thatthere were two separate third-generation Davids living briefly in LouisaCounty until 1748.

      Robert Gentry
      This writer considers it probable that Robert was the second of thechildren of Nicholas based on the following facts. In 1761, Robert'sfather-in-law, Phillip Joyner made bequests in his will to five ofRobert's children: Charles, Jesse, Elizabeth, Sarah, and Mary(15). Unlesstwo of the daughters were twins, for Robert to have this many children,he must have been married for say ten to twelve years. That places hisdate of marriage in the vicinity of 1750, apparently earlier than any ofhis siblings. Then for Robert to be of normal marriageable age by thattime, he most likely was born a few years before 1730. I have arbitrarilyestimated a birth date of about 1727.

      We will not discuss Robert Gentry further in this article since his lifeand that of his children has been described in a previous article of thisJournal (volume 1, issue #6). As a reminder, however, Robert's children,named in his will, included sons Charles, Jesse, Bartlett and Martin, anddaughters Elizabeth, Sarah and Mary, all of whom moved from Virginia toTennessee in the very earliest years of the settlement of that state.

      Nicholas Gentry Jr
      The argument for the placement of Nicholas Jr in the order of NicholasSr.'s children is a little more tenuous. Nicholas Jr. received a gift ofland from his father-in-law, Edward Stringer in 1752(16a). This wasprobably on the occasion of the marriage of Nicholas to ElizabethStringer. This date of marriage argues for Nicholas being younger thanRobert and older than the two children, Elizabeth and Benajah whose datesof birth in GFA appear to be reasonably correct.

      The children of Nicholas and his first wife were Mildred, David,Nicholas-IV, John, Nancy, Sally, Fannie, Martin, and Blackston (Blaxton).They are named in a court document dated 1782, which appears to involvesome controversy between Nicholas and his older group of children,probably on the disposal of property that may have belonged to or wasowing to his wife Elizabeth(17b). (The missing son, Nicholas-IV, isthought to be the Nicholas Gentry who is assumed by GFA to have committedsuicide in 1787. This Nicholas is the subject of an unusual court orderin 1772 when his father was relieved of the need to pay county taxes [butnot Crown taxes] for the next two years(17a). What the circumstances orreason for this action are completely unknown.)

      Nicholas' second wife was Sarah Dickens, (see e.g. deeds dated 1783 and1787) by whom he had another ten children: Mary, Henry, Elizabeth,Zachariah (Zachary), (James) Richard, Sarah Perrine, Robert, Benajah,Jane and Wesley. (Nicholas' daughter Sarah Perrine who married WilliamGoudge, is frequently confused with Sarah or Sally, the daughter ofNicholas and Elizabeth. The latter Sarah married James Smith.)

      Nicholas spent most of his life in Louisa County, being the exception inthe Nicholas-II family in not moving to Albemarle County. In later life,he moved to Kentucky where his name can be found, along with the name ofhis son Zachary, in the 1800 tax lists for Green County, the precursor toAdair County, Kentucky. Nicholas died in 1803 in Adair County. Some ofhis children remained in Virginia, but most of them moved to Kentuckybefore or after their father. These included John, Martin, Blackston andHenry in Bullitt County, and Zachary/Zachariah, Richard, and Robert inAdair County.

      Nicholas' son David-IV is worth noting separately. GFA lists a Davidamong the children of Nicholas but gives the wrong family description forthis David. Nicholas' son married Elizabeth Whitlock and moved fromLouisa to Caroline County. David and his sister Mildred were named in the1777 will of Thomas Whitlock, father of David's wife Elizabeth andMildred's husband, William. David is further identified in a deed of saleof land to his brother Nicholas(18b). Three of David's sons, John N.,Thomas, and Jesse moved to Buncombe County, North Carolina and were amongthe early settlers there. Their brother, Elias, followed them to BuncombeCounty in later years where their parents were eventually buried.

      Elizabeth Gentry
      GFA as well as various Haggard sources, gives conflicting dates forElizabeth's birth: 14 August and 14 October, 1731. Except for the date ofher marriage to Nathaniel Haggard, the chronology of her family is quitespecifically quoted in various Haggard family records, and there seems tobe no reason to question the year of her birth, 1731. This places her asbeing probably the fourth of the children of Nicholas-II.

      Elizabeth's husband, Nathaniel Haggard is said to have married MaryHazelrigg first, by whom he had two children: Henry Hazelrigg, andMartin. The children of Elizabeth and Nathaniel included: Elizabeth,John, Mary, James, Jane, Bartlett, David and Nathaniel. The Haggards andGentrys intermixed freely in the next generation as James Haggard marriedBetsie Gentry (daughter of Moses Gentry), and Jane Haggard married DavidGentry (son of David-III).

      Elizabeth and Nathaniel moved to Albemarle County and lived for a timethere on land adjoining Jesse Gentry (son of Robert). They sold this landin 1788(19) and bought land the same year in Lincoln County,Kentucky(20), from part of which Clark County was formed in 1790.Nathaniel died in 1806 leaving a will which left everything to his widowElizabeth. On her death in 1820, the estate passed to all of theirchildren except Martin who had been killed by Indians at an earlier date.

      A Digression Concerning the Haggards
      There are frequent references in genealogical listings of the presumedfounder of the Haggard family of Virginia, as a James Haggard who landedin Norfolk County, Virginia shortly after 1700. There is an interestingstory about James being hired as an indentured school teacher. James anda young lady connected with the school were said to have been attractedto each other and ran away to North Carolina in 1706 because as anindentured servant James supposedly could not marry in Virginia. Jamesand his wife then returned to Virginia at a later time. The originalsource of this story, a book "The History of the Haggard Family inEngland and America, 1433 - 1899", published by David Dawson Haggard in1899, quotes this story and other colorful information about James butdoes not name his schoolgirl wife. Since the publishing of that book,some members of the Haggard family have provided the name of ElizabethGentry, oldest daughter of Nicholas-I, as this wife, while others haveclaimed the youngest daughter of Nicholas, Mabel Gentry was the wife.Still others have reported that first Elizabeth and then Mabel were wivesof James.

      The story of James and his proposed marriage with Elizabeth Gentry mayhave some elements of truth, such as James being a schoolteacher, butmost of the story is undoubtedly false considering the following facts:

      The only town in Virginia in 1706 was Jamestown, so any school in whichJames may have taught must have been operated informally, probably by theparish, either in a local church building or in a private home on one ofthe plantations. At that time only boys would have received education andno girls would have been among James' students, certainly none sent froma distant location.

      It is very difficult to imagine how a seventeen-year-old daughter of asmall tobacco plantation owner on the western fringes of Virginiasettlement, would have travelled to the coast and met James in NorfolkCounty.

      The story of fleeing to North Carolina is particularly questionable, thatstate not being divided from South Carolina until 1712. The first town inNorth Carolina was not settled until 1705 when the Bath was founded inPamlico Sound. The closest church where a marriage could have beenperformed was undoubtedly Charleston, now South Carolina. Unlike presentconditions where it is just a short distance from Norfolk across thestate boundary to North Carolina, in 1706 it would obviously have beenimpossible to travel there by land, and equally impossible by sea giventhe lack of coastal shipping.
      Since the proposed relationship did not originate with the Haggard familybook but was added afterwards, it appears to me that some Haggard/Gentrygenealogist in filling out a pedigree chart, skipped a couple generationsby mistake, and confused the original James Haggard with the JamesHaggard who was a son of Elizabeth and Nathaniel, who did indeed marry anElizabeth Gentry.

      Benajah Gentry
      GFA gives the date of 1733 for the birth of Benajah, based on his age atthe time of his death. There does not seem to be any reason to questionthis. Benajah and Robert were the first of the family to move from LouisaCounty to Albemarle, Robert apparently several years ahead of Benajah.The latter bought land near Robert in 1764(21) on Biscuit Run nearpresent day Charlottesville. GFA briefly describes Benajah thus: "He wasa successful planter and had a number of negro slaves. He was a leadingmember of the Baptist church and was very active in religious work. In1817, he transferred all his property to his son Robert, although Benajahdid not die until 1831 at the age of 98. His will was proved in AlbemarleCo. in January 1831, and named 8 of his children as legatees. Hisdaughter Kate, married Benajah's nephew, John P. Gentry, son ofMoses-III." Benajah's name occurs frequently in Albemarle County recordsin orders for the development and maintenance of roads and as a witnessto deeds or as being an adjoining land owner.

      Benajah married twice, his first wife was Elizabeth(?) Austin, his secondwas Ann Jones whom he married in about 1780. His children by his firstwife were Mary, Elizabeth, Sally, Annie, Jane, and William. His childrenby his second wife were Thomas, James, Robert, John, Katherine (Kate),Patsey Frances, and Susan. William and Thomas moved Dickson County,Tennessee while James settled in Monroe County, Kentucky. Robert and Johnwere the only ones of the sons to remain in Virginia.

      Moses Gentry
      Like David, Moses' chronology can be argued on the basis the date of hismarriage to Lucy Sims, probably in 1758, when his father Nicholas gavehim 100 acres of the family plantation(10c). Moses did not move toAlbemarle County until 1778(22), at the same time as his father, and hisbrothers David and Martin. GFA describes Moses: "Moses Gentry bought land... on the old Lynchburg road, north of Garland's Store, on the southside of Ragged Mountain, and made it his permanent home. He was a RulingElder in the Cove Presbyterian Church (situated about 6 miles from hishome). His wife, Lucy Sims, was noted for her religious zeal and churchwork. She lived to be nearly 100 years old, surviving her husband by manyyears. After his death, she kept an inn, or tavern, her home beingsuitably located on the main road from Lynchburg to Richmond. MosesGentry's will was probated in 1808, and final settlement was not made bythe administrator, Edward Garland, until 1825."

      Like his brother Benajah, Moses' name appears frequently in AlbemarleCounty court documents, road orders, and the like, and was accompanied inlater years by the names of some of his children. These children includedJames, Frances, Moses Jr., Jane, Claybourn, John, Benajah, Nicholas,David, Elizabeth, Joanna, and Polly. Many of his family moved to Kentuckyto join other Gentrys. James, Claybourn, John and Benajah went to MadisonCounty, while Moses Jr. went to Green County. Nicholas and David bothdied at a relatively young age in Albemarle County.

      Nathan Gentry
      Very little is known about Nathan Gentry. GFA estimates the date of birthof Nathan as 1741, but he was probably born a little later than that.There is nothing to indicate whether or not this is right other than thefact that tax list records suggest that he was older than his brotherMartin, and thus born before 1747. This argument arises from the taxableslisting for Louisa County between 1768 and 1774(11). This shows Nathanand Martin living with their father at the time of the earliest availabletax listings, but Nathan leaving in 1771 to live independently. Martincontinued to live with his father through the date of the last listingsin 1775. The fact that Nathan was provided with an allowance by hisfather's will over a three-year period is curious, but the short-termnature of it probably does not mean the allowance was due to anysuggestion that mentally or physically he was not able to live entirelyindependently.

      The name of Nathan's wife and the birth of one of his children wasrecorded by the Rev. William Douglass in his church register of birthsand christenings in Louisa County:

      "April 8, 1781, Nathan Gentry and Marianne Black, a son named Wyat, bornMarch 15, 1781."
      GFA estimates the date of birth of a first child, Patrick, as 1780. Themarriage in 1802 of an Eleanor Gentry, daughter of Mary Gentry(24), isstrongly suggestive of a child of Nathan and Mary Ann, born before Wyatt,and if Patrick's date of birth is approximately correct, then Eleanor wasprobably born before Patrick also. This would mean Nathan was married inthe mid- to late-1770's, but the fact that Nathan left his father's homein 1771 might mean he was married as early as that year. Parenthetically,there is a record of Mary Ann Gentry, we must assume the same Mary Ann,"living in adultery" according to a 1783 court judgment(25). Nathan diedat a relatively early age in 1784 in Louisa County(23). His wife seems tohave lived for many years after his death without remarrying. Her nameappears as a buyer in at least two sales of estate property, and sheappears to be the same Mary Ann Gentry as is found in the 1810 HanoverCounty census records and probably the Mary Gentry in the 1820 LouisaCounty census.

      Martin Gentry
      As has been indicated in various places earlier in this article, MartinGentry, as the youngest son, seems to have lived with his father upthrough the time they moved from Louisa County in 1777 or 1778 toAlbemarle County. Thereafter, for the last couple years of Nicholas'life, the roles were reversed, and the plantation where they lived becamethe property of Martin(14b) and Nicholas was the guest in his son's home.Martin sold a parcel of land in Albemarle County in 1789(27a), but thiswas obviously not the last of his land since in 1792, Martin and two ofhis sons were assigned road gang duty in the county(27b). By 1800,Martin's name appeared on the tax list for 1800 in Madison County,Kentucky, along with his two oldest sons, Josiah and Bartlett. Martin andmembers of his family continued to appear in Madison County censusrecords for many years afterwards. His will was received for probatethere in 1827. His children included Elizabeth, Josiah, Bartlett, Patsie,Richard, Susanna, John, Polly, Nancy, Joel, and Martin Jr. His sonsJosiah, Bartlett, John and Martin Jr all moved to Madison County and wereliving at the time of their father's will. A grandson, Thomas J. Gentry,mentioned in the will, appears to have been the surviving heir of eitherRichard or Joel.

      Summary
      The goal of this article has been to flesh out and fill in the gaps inthe brief descriptions found in GFA of the life of Nicholas-II Gentry andhis children. Further information on the lines of descent from thesechildren can be found in varying degrees of detail in Richard Gentry'sbook. Corrections and interpretations of controversial issues relating toNicholas are shared in some respects by other Gentry historians but someare solely the responsibility of this author. With this article, we havecompleted a summary of the lives of two of the sons of Nicholas Gentry,the immigrant. A summary of the life of the oldest son, Joseph, will bepresented in the next issue of this Journal, along with an outline of anumber of Gentry families whose connections to Nicholas-I are not knownbut are assumed to be descendants of Joseph.

      Nicholas-II Notes
      1. Richard Gentry, "The Gentry Family in America, 1676 to 1909", TheGrafton Press, New York, 1909 (abbreviated here as "GFA")
      Nicholas-II, and his descendants through some half-dozen generations, aredescribed in considerable detail in "The Gentry Family in America". Theentire first half to three-fifths of Richard Gentry's book is devoted tothis family line. The remainder of the book is made up of familygroupings that may be connected for two or three generations, but ingeneral make up a collection of Gentry families which Richard was notable to tie to the original Nicholas Gentry. The latter series of familydescriptions contain more errors than the first part of the book, buteven in the Nicholas-II family tree there are mistakes. The bookfrequently does not list the children in a family in birth order, evenwhen the birthdates listed are obviously out of order. In addition,occasionally the name of a child in a family may be right (presumably),but the description of that child applies to another individual by thesame name.

      2. A. Denny Ellerman, articles concerning Nicholas-II Gentry in"Gentry Family Gazette and Genealogy Exchange":

      vol 4, p.94-107 (Apr 1983), "Nicholas Gentry, I and II"
      vol 5, p.35-48 (Nov 1985), "The David and Nicholas Gentrys of Louisa,Lunenburg and Albemarle Counties, Virginia"
      vol 5, p.83-100 (Aug 1986), Exchange of correspondence betweenEllerman, Robert Harrison Whitlock of Bay Village, Ohio and Lucy Atkinsof Louisa, Virginia concerning the relationship of Nicholas' children(particularly Nicholas-III) to the Whitlock family of Louisa County.
      [Robert H. Whitlock, and Lucy Whitlock Atkins are descendants of MildredGentry Whitlock.]
      3. Individuals who appear in GFA are identified by the family numberassigned to them by Richard Gentry in his book.

      4. C. G. Chamberlayne, editor, "The Vestry Book and Register of St.Peter's Parish, New Kent and James City Counties, 1684-1786", The LibraryBoard, Richmond, VA, 1937. [Earlier edition, "The Parish Register ofSaint Peter's, New Kent County, VA. from 1680 to 1787" , published by theColonial Dames of America in 1904 ]
      Register, Vol I p.11:
      Eliz. dau't to Nich. Gentry, bap't 29 day of August 1689
      [Same date in previous edition of Register. Note GFA has "1687"for this date].
      nicholas Son of nicholas Gentrey baptiz the 30 may 1697
      mabell daut'r of nicho. Gentry baptiz the 13 Dec'r 1702.

      5. C. G. Chamberlayne, editor, "The Vestry Book of St. Paul's Parish,Hanover County, Va, 1706-1786", The Library Board [of Virginia],Richmond, 1940, reprinted 1973

      1719 8br [Oct] 10 p.265 [205]: Processioning return.
      [Precinct 31]: "The lands of Mr. Geo. Alves, Nich'o Gentry, Chris.Cawthorn, Mr. John Sym, & Will. Harris, Sam'l Gentry, of which Mr. Geo.Alves & Nich'o Gentry were Overs'rs; who made this return, the withinOrder comply'd with, by the persons Within nam'd, or their Ordered[signed] Geo. Alves, Nich'o Gentry."

      1723 7'br [Sep] 2 p.105 [95]: Vestry meeting.
      "To Nich'o Gentry's Acc't, 150 [pounds tobacco] C[redit]"

      1731 Oct 29 p.272 [211]: Vestry meeting.
      [Precinct 1: Ordered ... processioning ... Nich'o Gentry ...]

      1734 May 19 p.141 [119]: Vestry meeting.
      "Orderd that ...the Tithables of ... Nich'o Gentry, ... assist ... inClearing the road"

      1735 Oct 18 p.143 [120]: Vestry meeting.
      "Ordered that Sam'l Gentry have the Tithables of ... Nich'o Gentry, ...Assist him in Clearing the road, whereof he is Surveyor."

      1735 Oct 18 p.286 [220]: Vestry meeting.
      [Precinct 6: Orderd ... processioning ... Nich'o Gentry, ...]

      1756 Mar 31 p.343 [271]:
      [Description of Precinct 6]: "In compliance with the within Order, wehave procession'd all the Lands beginning at the Mouth of Beech Creek,and up the River to the mouth of Stonehorse Creek, and up the Creek tothe main Road, and down the road to the head of Beech Creek, and down theSaid Creek to the mouth..."
      6. Chamberlayne, Op. cit.
      Succeeding processioning entries subject to question and interpretation.

      1739 Sep 11 p.294 [227]: Vestry meeting, lands divided forprocessioning.
      [Precinct 6: The lands of Christopher Cawthon, George Alvis, JohnSpraddling, Nich'o Gentry, Samuel Pryor, Wm. Cawthon, James Philips,William Harris....]

      1743 Nov 18 p.304 [235]: Vestry meeting, lands divided forprocessioning.
      [Precinct 6: The Lands of Christoph'r Cawthon, George Alvis, JohnSpraddling, Nich'o Gentry, Sam'l Pryor, Wm. Cawthon, James Philips,William Harris ...]

      1755 Nov 17 p.343 [271]: Vestry meeting, lands divided forprocessioning.
      [Precinct 6: The Lands of James Cawthon, James Crenshaw, John Spraddling,Nicholas Gentry, Samuel Pryor, William Berry's Orphans, William Cawthon,James Philips and William Harris ...]

      1759 Nov 19 p.380 [303]: Vestry meeting, lands divided forprocessioning.
      [Precinct 6: The Lands of James Cawthon, James Crenshaw, John Spraddling,Nicholas Gentry, Samuel Pryor, William Berry's Orphans, William Cawthon,James Whilips, and William Harris ...]

      1763 Nov 30 p.416 [332]: Vestry meeting, lands divided forprocessioning.
      [Precinct 6]: "The Lands of James Cawthon, James Crenshaw, JohnSpraddling, Nicholas Gentry, Samuel Pryor, Wm. Berry's Orphans, WilliamCawthon, James Philips, William Harris ...]

      1767 Sep 30 p.457 [363]: Vestry meeting, lands divided forprocessioning.
      [Precinct 6: The Lands of James Cawthon, James Crenshaw, John Spraddling,Nicholas Gentry, Sam'l Pryor Dec'd, William Berrys Orphans, Wm. Cawthon,James Phillips, William Harris ...]

      1771 Nov 12 p.494 [394]:
      [A new precinct #26 replaces 6]: "The Lands of James Cawthon, JamesCrenshaw, John Pendleton formerly Pryors, Wm. Berry's Orphans, WilliamCawthon, William Morris, Andrew Christian, William Johnson, RichardGilman, William Howard, William Gunter, Robert Lee, George Gentry, DanielCamron, Joseph Crenshaw, David Crenshaw, William Tompkins, William Davis(Constable), John Gosling and John Hughes ..."
      7. Denis Hudgins, editor "Cavaliers and Pioneers, Abstracts ofVirginia Land Patents and Grants" "Vol IV (1732-1741)", VirginiaGenealogical Society, Richmond, 1994;

      1736 Dec 28 Vol IV p.125 (Patent Bk 17, p.222):
      [Grant to] "Nicholas Gentry 400 acs Hanover co., both sides Dirty Sw; adjRichard Brookes/Brooks, Capt. Overton, Mr. Charles Barret & Thomas Rice".
      8. Ruth and Sam Sparacio, "Louisa County, Virginia Orders", TheAntietam Press, McLean, VA, 1999
      The Sparacios have abstracted in separate volumes, most of the courtminutes and orders that are included in the surviving order books. Thesebooks in some years were highly fragmented with widely varying yearsbeing recorded in a given book. The references below give the page numberfor the applicable volume of the Sparacio abstracts with the originalorder book number in braces.

      Orders, 1742-1744
      1742/3 Mar 14 p.11 [18]
      Tithables of Nicholas Gentry and others to clear a road.

      1743 Apr 11 p.17 [27]
      John Gentry apptd Overseer of the Road in the stead of James Nuckols andFrench Haggard and John Saxon are added to his Company to assist inrepairing the Road in the stead of John Estes and Nicholas Gentry who aredischarged from that road.

      1743/4 Feb 13 p.61 [94]
      Ordered Thomas Paulet, Nicholas Gentry and Samuel Gentry to appraiseestate of Richard Ellis, decd and report to next court.

      Orders 1744-1747

      1744/5 Feb 26 p.9 [134]
      Upon Petition of Nicholas Gentry and Samuel Gentry asking that a new roadthey have cleared between their Plantations and thence to the Road aboutthree-quarters of a mile below, replace the present road below DirtySwamp which is very prejudicial to them. Ordered that the new Road bydeemed and taken as a public Road.

      1745 May 28 p.28 [152]
      John Gath and negroes under his care, French Haggard and Nicholas GentrySenr added to road whereof John Ellis is Surveyor.

      1747 May 26 p.95 [225]
      Indenture between Samuel Gentry and Nicholas Gentry of one part, andRichard Walker of other part. Ack by sd Samuel and Nicholas; admitted torecord.

      Orders, 1747-1748/1766/1772

      1766 Sep 8 p.57 (Bk 3-17)
      Abraham Venable, Nicholas Gentry, and David Gentry to "view the way" byEdmund Massey and report to Court.

      1772 Apr 13 p.70 (Bk 3x-2)
      Nicholas Gentry, Plt vs Dumas Laine, Deft. Petition
      Judgment is granted the Plt for 30/- and also his other costs in thissuit.
      9. John C. Bell, "Louisa County Records You Probably Never Saw of 18Century Virginia", Nashville, TN, 1987
      Minute or Court Order Book 1760-1764

      1762 May 11 p.121 [34]
      Nicholas Gentry sworn in to grand jury.

      1763 Mar 12 p.136 [51]
      Ordered that Jeduthan Harper, Nicholas Gentry, Wm Philips and DavidGentry or any 3 being first sworn do appraise the estete of Thos. Masondec. and report to the next court.

      1764 Apr 10 p.157 [77]
      Ordered that Anth'y Thomson, Nicholas Gentry, John Bayley and Jno Estesor any 3 of them do appraise Mary Estes Estate and report accordingly.
      10. Louisa County Deed Books

      1747 Mar 26 Bk(A-276)
      Samuel Gentry and Nicholas Gentry to Richard Walker, for 30 pounds, sold125 acres, being part of 400 acres granted 28 Dec 1736 to Nicholas Gentryand the residue being 110 acres, being part of 700 acres granted 30 Jul1742 to Samuel Gentry on both sides of Dirty Swamp, adj. to Samuel Gentryand Mathew Jouette's line. Signed: Samuel Gentry, Nicholas Gentry;Witnessed: Danl. Burford, Junr., William Rice, Richard Haggard.
      1757 Aug 23 Bk(B-214)
      Nicholas Gentry gave to "loving son David Gentry" 100 acres in DirtySwamp.
      1758 Jan 24 Bk(B-228)
      Nicholas Gentry gave to Moses Gentry "for natural affection" 103 acres inDirty Swamp.
      1776 Nov 28 Bk(E-124)
      Nicholas Gentry and wife Jane of Trinity Parish and Louisa County, deedto Robert Barretts, 166 1/2 acres.
      1778 May 15 Bk(E-269)
      Nicholas Gentry and David Gentry of Fredericksville Parish and AlbemarleCounty, deed to Robert Barrett, 133 1/2 acres, 100 being the same givento David in 1757.
      11. Rosalie Edith Davis, "Louisa County Virginia Tithables and Census1743 - 1785", Manchester, MO, 1988.
      Tithables of Trinity Parish:
      Year Hd of House Other Members Negroes Tithes/Acres
      1768 Nicholas Gentry Nathan Gentrey
      Martin Gentry 3/182
      [Therefore Nathan and Martin born bef. 1752]
      1769 Nicholas Gentry Martin Gentry
      Nathan Gentry George, Milley 5/182
      1770 Nicholas Gentry Martin Gentry
      Nathan Gentry George, Milley 5/150
      1771 Nicholas Gentory Sr Martain Gentry "Gage" [George],
      Milley 4/182
      1773 Nicholas Gentry Martin Gentry Jessy, Thomas,
      George, Milley 5
      [Nicholas not taxed?]
      1774 Martain Gentry "Jessy Thomason"
      Nicholas Gentry [Jessy & Thomas?],
      Milly 4/182
      1775 Nichs Gentory "Jessy Thomason"
      Martin Gentory [Jessy & Thomas?],
      Milley 4/182
      [In 1774 and 1775 it is not clear if "Jessy Thomason" is a whiteoccupant of Nicholas' household, and a member of the Thomason familypresent in Louisa County at the time, or if the entry was in the wronglocation on the form and was a miswriting of the two slaves Jessy andThomas found earlier in Nicholas' household. If the latter, Nicholasappears not to have been taxed for the years 1773 to 1775.]

      12. GFA, p.33-34, refr 21:

      1777 Feb 20 Summary of will of Nicholas-II Gentry
      Nicholas Gentry of Albemarle Co., VA bequeaths:

      Wife Jane, to remain in possession of entire real and personal estateduring her life. Thereafter:

      To son Martin, negro girl Milly and future children, negro boy Charles,plus personal items on condition he pays son Nathan as follows:

      To son Nathan, 15 pounds, paid at rate of 5 pounds yearly by Martin.

      To grandson Bartlett Gentry, son of Martin, negro boy Patrick;

      To granddaughter Patty Gentry, daughter of Martin, negro girl Minnie;

      In case either grandchild dies without issue, Patrick and Minnie torevert to Martin Gentry,

      To sons Moses, David, and Nicholas, and daughter Mary, twenty shillingsapiece paid out of estate, unless the law requires a greater sum in whichcase, as much as would be entitled to disinherited children.

      To sons Robert, Benajah, Nathan, Martin, one equal share each ofremaining estate;

      To daughter Elizabeth Haggard, one equal share of remaining estate;

      To granddaughters Jane Timberlake and Ann Jenkins, one-half share each ofremaining estate.
      Wife Jane, sons David and Martin appointed as executors of will.
      Witnessed by Bezaleel Brown and Benajah Brown.
      Received for probate, April 1779.

      References to David
      13. Rosalie Edith Davis,Op. cit.
      Tithables of Trinity Parish: Year Hd of House Other Members NegroesTithes/Acres
      1768 David Gentry 1/100
      1769 David Gentry Bailey Gentry 2/100
      1770 David Gentry Bailey Gentry 2/100
      1771 David Gentry Bailey Gentry 2/253
      1773 David Gentry : 1
      1774 David Gentry 1/201
      1775 David Gentry 1
      Tithables of St. Martin's Parish:
      1773 Benjamin Cook Bailey Gentry James, Punch, Cate, Venus, Bett7/193
      1774 Gentry, Bailey 1

      14. Ruth and Sam Sparacio, editors "Virginia County Court Records,Deed Abstracts of Albemarle County, Virginia, 1772-1776 (Deed Book 6)",Antient Press, McLean, VA, 1992

      1778 May 14 Bk(8-53)
      Rev. Thomas Hall of Goochland county to David Gentry of county ofAlbemarle, 500 ac formerly belonging to Capt. William O. Winston. SignedThos. Hall.
      Ack at Alb. Sep court, 1778 and recorded.
      1778 Nov 10
      David Gentry of Albemarle Co. deeds to Martin Gentry of same, 178 acreson Doyls River.
      1787 Aug 7 Bk(9-347)
      David Gentry to Benajah Brown, 140 ac land where David Gentry Junr nowlives. Signed David (his mark) Gentry; witness Bernis Brown, JamesHarris, Martin Gentry, John Mullins, Bezaleel Brown. Proved by MartinGentry [and 2 others] at Alb. Sep 13 court 1787 and recorded.
      1787 Aug 27 Bk(9-351)
      David Gentry to Bezaleel Brown, 150 ac .. NE side of Doyles River ...wheron said Gentry now lives. Signed David (his mark) Gentry; witnessBernis Brown, John Mullins, James Harris, Martin Gentry, Benajah Brown.Proved by Martin Gentry [and 2 others] at Alb. Sep 13 court 1787, andrecorded.

      References to Robert
      15. Ruth and Sam Sparacio, "Albemarle County, Virginia Wills1752-1764", The Antietam Press, 2000,

      1761 Feb 12 (p83) Bk 2-120 (1752-1785) Will of PhillipJoyner

      To ... Wife Elizabeth Joyner, all lands [etc]... during her natural lifeand after her decease the said lands to be equally divided between my twoGrans [sic] Sons, viz. Charles Gentry and Jesee [sic] Gentry givingCharles Gentry two hundred acres with plantation wheron I now live andthe remaining two hundred acres to fall to the said Jesee Gentry.
      [To] ...Grand Daughter Elizabeth Gentry ...
      [To] ...Grand Daughter Mary Gentry ...
      [To] ...Grand Daughter Sarah Gentry ... --- according to the discretionof ... my wife Elizabeth Joyner and Charles Winkfield whom I appointExecutor and Executrix of this my Last Will and Testament.
      Witnessed: Alexander Mackenzie, Robert Gentry, Joyn Waples.

      References to Nicholas Jr and Family
      16. Louisa County Deed Books

      1752 May 26 Bk(A-462)
      Edward Stringer deeds to Nicholas Gentry Jr. and wife Elizabeth [daughterof Edward Stringer], 70 acres of land on which Nicholas Gentry now liveson Gold Mine Creek.
      1761 Oct 27 Bk(C-116)
      David Via and wife Frances deed to Nicholas Gentry Jr., 124 acres on GoldMine Creek on which Edmund Stringer now lives.
      17. Sparacio, "Louisa County Virginia Orders 1766-1774"

      1772 Dec 14 p.16 [3-72]
      On the motion of Nicholas Gentry, he is exempted from paying CountyLevies for his son Nicholas Gentry, for two ensuing years. [Thisreference which is ambiguous with respect to the identification ofNicholases has been quoted with different wording which implies thatNicholas Sr was exempted from all poll taxes (presumably by reason ofage). However, the wording above with the limitation of a two-year timeperiod, and the fact that the petitioner has been paying taxes on behalfof his son in the past certainly suggests that the order applies toNicholas Jr and his son Nicholas-IV.]

      1782 Jul 18 Order Bk p.44
      David Gentry, William Whitlock and Milly his wife, Fanny, Nancy, Sally,Martin, John, and Blackston Gentry vs. Nicholas Gentry. Suit dismissed asto David, continued as to the others. [All children of Nicholas' firstwife Elizabeth, with the exception of Nicholas-IV missing.]
      18. Louisa County Deed Books

      1783 Nov 6 Bk(H-289)
      Nicholas Gentry and wife Sarah [Dickens] sell to Samuel Thompson 42acres.
      1783 Aug 11 Bk(H-322)
      David Gentry and wife Elizabeth of Caroline County, deed 70 acres on GoldMine Creek to Nicholas Gentry of Louisa County.
      [This reference among others, establishes that the David Gentry ofCaroline County was the son of Nicholas-III, not the David who is listedin GFA.]
      1787 Apr 10 Bk(H-266)
      Nicholas Gentry and wife Sarah sell to James Beadles, 152 acres boundedby Samuel Thompson, William Whitlock, William Paulett, PhillipTimberlake, Gravitt Edwards in Trinity Parish.

      References to Elizabeth
      19. 1788 Apr 9 Albemarle County Deed Bk(9-428)
      Nathaniel Haggard & Elizabeth Haggard his wife to Hudson Morton, 250 acon Moore's Creek where said Haggard now lives. Signed Nathaniel (hismark) Haggard and Elizabeth Haggard; witness George Bruce, WilliamColvard, Hastings Mark. Ack at Alb. Apr 11 court 1788 (Elizabethrelinquishing right of Dower) and recorded.

      20. 1788 Apr 9 Lincoln Co., KY Deed Bk(A-354)
      Indenture for sale by Lewis Johnson and Massie his wife, of Albemarle Co.VA to Nathaniel Haggard of 700 ac land granted by patent to Lewis Johnsonin Lincoln Co. on the north side of Dick's River.

      References to Benajah
      21. Sparacio, Op. cit. (Albemarle)

      1764 Jan 20 Deed Bk(3-409)
      Giles Allegre to "Benagah" Gentry, 178 ac patent of 1 Dec 1748. WitnessRobert Gentry, Absalom McKinqie, Moses Lisha(?)

      References to Moses
      22. Sparacio, Op. cit. (Albemarle)

      1777 Dec 8
      Moses Gentry and Lucy his wife conveys to Lewis Barrett 150 acres of landin Louisa Co.
      1778 Mar 13 p.91 Bk(7-188)
      Samuel Gay of Albemarle county to Moses Gentry of county of Louisa, 1991/2 ac on s. side of Ragged Mtn on waters of Hardware R, land part of 690ac obtained by decree of General Court dated 23 Apr 1774. Signed SamlGay, Senr; witness Jno Henderson Junr, Alexander Blane Junr, Mark Leak,Nathaniel Haggard. Ack at Alb Apr court, 1778 and recorded.
      23. Nancy Chappelear and Kate Binford Hatch, "Abstracts of LouisaCounty, Virginia Will Books 1743-1801",

      1784 Mar 8 p.73 Bk(3-4)
      Bond of Moses Gentry (Ð200); administrator of estate of Nathan Gentry.Sec: Nicholas Gentry.Rcd. 8 Mar 1784

      References to Nathan and Martin
      24. Kathleen Booth Williams, "Marriages of Louisa County 1766-1815",C. J. Carrier Co., 1977 (compiled from Louisa County Marriage Registerwhich starts 1766)
      Date Groom Bride
      1802 Aug 14 William Anthony Elenor B Gentry /sur/Stanley Alvis
      : over 21 years of age /w/ William Perkins
      dau of Mary Gentry David Kersey
      : J L Walton
      [Is this Mary Gentry, the widow of Nathan? If so it would mean Elenor(Eleanor) was born before August 1781 and thus before Nathan's son Wyattand probably before Patrick also.]

      25. Janice Abercrombie, "Louisa County, Virginia Judgments1766-1790", Iberian Publishing Company, 1998. Compiled from the microfilmof the Judgments/Loose Papers of the Louisa County Clerk's Office.

      1783 May 15 Reel 132 frame 0638 (p.73)
      Commonwealth of Virginia to Sheriff of Louisa County. Command to summonMary Ann Gentry of Trinity Parish to appear [in court] ... to answer thepresentment of the Grand Jury against her for living in adultery...
      26. 1783 Oct 13 Louisa County Deed Bk(H-293)
      Nathan Gentry and wife deed to William Lipscomb.

      27. Sparacio, Op. cit. (Albemarle)

      1789 Oct 8 p.98 Bk(10-10)
      Martin Gentry and Mary his wife to Bezaleel Brown, 150 ac on Dowell'sRiver. Signed Martin Gentry and Mary (her mark) Gentry; (no witnessesrecorded). Ack at Alb. Oct court 1789 (Mary relinquished right of Dower)and recorded.
      1792 Oct 11 p.26 Bk(1791-1793, p.253)
      Report by Bernard Brown on certain assigned roads within a "hundred".Gang appointed which included Martin Gentry, Josiah Gentry, "Bartotte"Gentry [Bartlett?].

      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      2001, W.M. Gentry - All rights reserved. This article may be reproducedin whole or in part for non-commercial purposes provided that properattribution (including author and journal name) is included.
    • (Research):Research by Williard Gentry, Journal of Gentry Genealogy

      St. Peter's Parish Register
      Only three of Nicholas' children are documented as his, specifically in the baptismal record found in the Register of St. Peter's Parish, New Kent County, Virginia. A daughter, Elizabeth, was baptized 29 Aug 1689, a son Nicholas was baptized 30 May 1697, and a daughter "Mabell" was baptized 13 Dec 1702. (There is some confusion concerning the baptismal date of Elizabeth, since in "The Gentry Family in America" (GFA, p.32), the year is given as 1687. (This is a typographical error, as both the transcription of the Register by C. G. Chamberlayne, and an earlier transcription by the Colonial Dames of America give the year as 1689.) As to the rest of Nicholas' children, we must use deductive reasoning based almost exclusively on evidence found in the Vestry Book of St. Paul's Parish (successor parish to St. Peter's).

  • Sources 
    1. [S242] U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900, Yates Publishing, (Name: Ancestry.com Operations Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2004;), Database online. Source number: ; Source type: ; Number of Pages: ; Submitter Code: ..
      Record for Nicholas Gentry

    2. [S349] Family Data Collection - Births, Edmund West, comp., (Name: The Generations Network, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2001;), Database online..
      Record for Martin Gentry

    3. [S207] The Vestry Book and Register of St. Peter's Parish, New Kent and James City Counties, 1684-1786, transcribed and edited by C.G. Chamberlayne, (Name: Published by The Library Board, Richmond, VA, 1937 [Previous edition: "The Parish Register of St. Peter's, New Kent County, VA from 1680 to 1787, transcribed by National Society of the Colonial Dames of America in the State of Virginia, 1904.];).


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